Mentoring relationships occur frequently in the veterinary profession. Such relationships, usually informal, and between senior and junior colleagues, are invaluable in providing advice, support and encouragement to less experienced veterinarians, or those experiencing difficulties.
These guidelines deal with those more formal situations where the Veterinary Council or one of its Committees has recommended or requires a veterinarian to establish a mentoring relationship.
Council initiated mentoring is a supportive and collegial relationship between two veterinarians. Mentoring provides a structured forum for regular, dedicated time for in-depth reflection on professional practice and issues which may impact on practice. It is an exchange between colleagues with the main goal being to develop and/or maintain professional skills and competence.
Mentoring is not supervision. Supervision is a different process which under the Veterinarians Act is defined as “the monitoring of, and reporting on, the performance of a veterinarian by another veterinarian”.
Mentoring relationships may be established by Council or its Committees in the following situations:
- Health impairment – where a health condition has been or has the potential to affect a veterinarian’s fitness to practise. In such circumstances it is common for undertakings to be made with the veterinarian that protect the public and at the same time enhance the veterinarian’s rehabilitation. Mentoring relationships can assist in the recovery/rehabilitation process and provide support in times of stress
- Where the Complaints Assessment Committee has identified performance or conduct concerns and enters into an undertaking with the veterinarian to address these concerns
- Competence – where a competence assessment has found that a veterinarian’s performance does not meet the required standard and remediation is required a mentor can be appointed to assist the veterinarian over a specified period to overcome identified deficiencies of knowledge and assure the public interest is protected. A mentor can also be appointed prior to a competence assessment taking place, or in place of competence assessment, to assure the public interest is protected and help the veterinarian address the identified deficiencies.
- Discipline – where the Council’s Judicial Committee requires remediation of a veterinarian who has appeared before the Committee on professional misconduct charges and the knowledge or behavioural deficiencies displayed would be amenable to peer support and guidance
According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary a mentor is an “experienced and trusted advisor”. That is exactly the role that Council appointed mentors should play.
The mentor is usually a local veterinarian who is respected by his or her peers and who can provide objective, non-judgmental and confidential advice, support, and encouragement to the veterinarian concerned.
A mentor is a good listener and a teacher/ advisor who leads through guidance and example and who can keep their relationship with their mentee on a friendly, but professional, basis.
Successful mentoring relationships involve very open, honest and equal communication and regular interaction between the mentor and the mentee over time.
In circumstances where the Veterinary Council requires or recommends a veterinarian to establish a mentoring relationship, the mentor is identified by:
- the Veterinary Council in consultation with, and the agreement of, the mentee; or
- the prospective mentee who seeks the Council’s approval of the proposed mentor
The Council provides the mentor with background information about the mentee.
Every mentorship is an individual one, so the following list is not prescriptive. Rather it provides in a general way, a few areas in which guidance and support might be usefully incorporated into a mentoring relationship:
- discussion of the effects on the veterinarian’s individual situation, both personal and professional
- how the veterinarian deals with work related issues/problems - issues with colleagues, staff or clients, or the handling of individual cases
- development of skills in reflective practice
- re-evaluation of professional and personal boundaries
- personal and health issues - advice, insight into problems
- involvement with the profession including continuing professional development activities
- long and short term career directions
- encouragement to comply with any conditions required by/recommendations of, the Council
- reporting requirements to Council
Mentors are provided with additional generic information on the mentoring process.
Refer to University of Otago Mentoring Handbook, 2008
This depends on the reason why the mentoring is required. To build trust and rapport the interactions between the mentor and mentee should normally be regarded as confidential.
- all mentors must report immediately to Council in circumstances where they have reason to believe that their mentee’s health status, conduct or performance may be adversely impacting on the public interest
- the Council may require the mentor to report on progress after a specified time has transpired or at regular intervals. The particular requirements will be set out in the individual agreements made with the veterinarian concerned.
The reporting requirements, if not already determined, need to be discussed and clarified at the first mentoring meeting.
Where the mentor is required to report to the Council, the person being mentored should be provided with a copy of this report.
By end of the mentoring period, the veterinarian (mentee) should:
- have successfully resolved the immediate issues that required intervention from the Veterinary Council
- have reviewed their practice so that there are reduced risks of similar situations arising in the future
- have well-developed habits of reflective practice
- be making good use of collegial supports
- have sufficient professional awareness to be able to identify areas of risk as they arise in future practice.
Although mentors often do not expect or seek payment, they are encouraged to do so.
The mentee is expected to meet the cost of the mentoring, but payment can be delayed in circumstances of financial difficulty.
It should be noted that the collegial support provided within the mentoring relationship enables some veterinarians to continue working who would be otherwise unable to practise.
A meeting should be arranged as soon as possible after the mentorship is established. At that initial meeting it is useful to discuss reasons why a mentoring relationship has been deemed appropriate.
The frequency of meetings and length of the mentoring relationship will depend on individual circumstances and/or Council requirements.
Mentors are asked to make firm arrangements for the next meeting with the mentee prior to concluding the present one.
Further information and advice is available from the Council.
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